Tarantulas burrow almost half a foot deep. These animals line their tunnels to collect prey and prevent cave-ins. Burrows increase as tarantulas do. To keep its burrow dry, a spider creates a silk stopper at the entrance.


These animals dig using shovel-like heads. Their burrows are just deep enough. The lizard may burrow to escape heat. The nighttime heating pad is a burrowing lizard's body heat.

Horned Lizard

Backward-digging animal It may force its body into the tube using appendages on its back paws. Desert toads dig backward 10 feet. Toad waits for desert rain by letting dirt fall on its head. Some believe he hid for 10 years.

Couch's Spadefoot Toad

Their digging is expert camouflage. The gopher lives underground. A mound marks the burrow. Gophers block entrances and exits to hide their burrows.

Pocket Gopher

Kangaroo-rat burrower. Like the Kit fox, this animal's burrow has several spread-out openings, making the ground rough. Kangaroo Rats can exist without water. They get enough water from seeds and seldom drink.

Kangaroo Rat

Named for their size and body hair, these animals reside in eight-foot burrows. Deep burrows take up much of a scorpion's free time, excluding eating and sleeping.


Desert Tortoises have perfected burrowing, giving a cooler shelter than others in a desert's searing heat. Tortoise burrows are dug horizontally and can be 30 feet long.

Desert Tortoise

Gila Woodpeckers burrow in saguaro cacti. They gnaw and burrow through trees to survive in a treeless desert. Burrowing shelters and feeds these birds. After the final young woodpecker leaves the nest, other creatures move in.

Gila Woodpecker

Hermit reptiles live underground. Their sand-digging claws may dig a summer and winter home. They share abandoned burrows with tortoises. Gila Monster is poisonous.

Gila Monster

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