9 Native US Mountain Animals


Elk roam the Rockies from Washington to Arizona. Unlike cows and calves, male elk live alone or in bachelor herds. Males compete for harems of females to mate with and protect throughout breeding season.

Bighorn sheep

The Rocky Mountains stretch from Canada to Mexico. Rocky Mountain National Park's mascot lives in Oregon, Montana, Idaho, Utah, California, and Arizona. Male horns weigh 30 pounds.

 Mountain  Goat

Native to Canada, Alaska, and Idaho. Alpine and subalpine environments are home. These swift animals live in the steep hillsides and cliffs of the region. Eating grasses, herbs, trees, lichens, ferns, and bushes.

American Pika 

The American Pika lives in alpine meadows and fields. Here they eat grasses and other plants for winter storage. American Pika don't hibernate; they eat their spring, summer, and fall food stockpiles.

Abert’s Squirrel

It eats the Ponderosa Pine tree's nuts, seeds, bark, and spring buds. In late April, these squirrels shed their winter coats and grow a short, sleek one.

Grizzly Bears

Grizzlies once roamed Western North America. Territorial grizzlies threatened early inhabitants in the area. They eat fruit, insects, plants, carrion, fish, rodents, and even human rubbish.

Green Salamander

Green salamanders live in West Virginia, Kentucky, and northern Mississippi. It lives in wet rock cracks and tree bark. Tree-dwelling salamanders have frog-like toe pads.

Boreal Owl 

In boreal subalpine forests. Mice and rats eat in this tree. 3-7oz, 8-10-inch monogamous owls. Long-term relationships. In woodpecker holes. Female lays 3-7 eggs, male protects territory.

Red Fox

The Sierra Nevada Red Fox is a subspecies of the North American red fox. Sierra Nevada foxes dwell in California's Sierra Nevada Mountains. Monogamous 7-9 pound foxes. Lifelong mates who hunt and breed together.

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