9 Creatures That Call Grasslands Home

These iconic animals once roamed Canada, Mexico, and practically every US state. European settlers turned vast prairies into cropland and nearly exterminated the bison.


Hyenas hunt with lions in African savannahs. Hyenas kill unprotected lion cubs. Hyena cubs battle for dominance from birth. The spotted hyena is the largest hyena species.


They eat produce, rodents, and insects. Eastern and central South America. Unlike other wolves, maned wolves mate for life. Annually, they have 2-5 cubs. Beautiful animals are threatened by habitat loss.

 Maned wolf

Badgers live in grasslands. American, honey, and European badgers are the primary ones. All three eat rodents, birds, lizards, fish, and insects. Badgers hunt opportunistically.


These stunning creatures are descended from horses that Spanish explorers brought to the Americas. While we consider them to be wild, the law classifies them as feral.


Steppes and meadows are home to bustards. Bugs, lizards, seeds, fruit, leaves, and buds. Same-sex flocks are medium-sized. Each male mates with multiple females; each female lays 2 eggs.


Pronghorn antelopes are North America's fastest hoofed animals, reaching 60 mph. Grasslands give free, open ground for running and sage, forbs, and other prairie plants for their diet.


Swift foxes thrive in Great Plains mixed-grass plains. Most are 4 to 6 pounds and agile despite being little. They can go 25 mph. They require on broad prairies and shorter grasses to hunt.

Swift Fox

Elephants use their tusks to dig out dry riverbeds, create waterholes, maintain grasslands, and spread plant seeds. In sub-Saharan Africa, they eat roots, grasses, fruit, and bark.

African Elephant 

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